What is WWW

WWW or World Wide Web

WWW is an abbreviation for the World Wide Web, also abbreviated as W3 or commonly known as the Web. It is also sometimes called the Information Superhighway. It forms one element of the Internet. It is important to note that not all Internet servers are part of W3, but it is the element of the Internet that most people are familiar with in their day to day lives.

WWW is a collection of servers that support or contain specially formatted documents. The documents are formatted in a language known as Hyper Text Mark Up Language (HTML) that supports links to other documents, as well as graphics, audio and video files. The Web is a collection of these electronic HTML documents and files that are stored in computers which are linked together across the Internet.

What is HTTP

The HTTP, or Hypertext Transfer Protocol, is used to transmit files and data using websites on the internet. The location of websites, and the files and data contained in them, is controlled by the Universal Resource Locator, or URL. A URL is the address of the website and allows users to navigate to it using an internet browser or web browser.
These computer programs are used to connect to sites on the WWW in order to download, use or view the HTML documents and files. These sites are called Websites because of their location on the Web. Common Web Browsers include: Firefox, Google Chrome, Internet Explorer, Opera, and Safari.

What is The World Wide Web Consortium

The World Wide Web Consortium or W3C is an international community that works to develop Web standards. Its mission is to lead the Web to its full potential. W3C is organized as a Member Organization and works to Standardise the Web by creating and maintaining WWW Standards. These standards are called “W3C Recommendations”.
The W3C mission is clearly described on its webpage at http://www.w3.org/Consortium/mission. This article summarises its content. I encourage you to have a look at the site so to increase your understanding of the spirit driving the development of WWW.

The W3C Mission

is to lead the W3 to its full potential by developing protocols and guidelines that ensure its long-term growth.

W3C Principles

The Principles of Web for All and Web on Everything guide W3C’s work.

W3C’s vision

for the WWW involves participation, sharing knowledge, and thereby building trust on a global scale; Providing a Web for Rich Interaction, a Web of Data and Services and a Web of Trust.

The World Wide Web consortium does not operate with the force of law and is not monopolised by any one person, any one company or any one nation. It recommends standards which are developed in a spirit of cooperation and implemented with the same spirit.

List of Members

The Full List of Member Organizations includes a variety of software vendors, content providers, corporate users, telecommunications companies, academic institutions, research laboratories, standards bodies, and governments.

The WWW is a testament to the spirit of cooperation and the mission and vision followed by the W3C and its members bringing major benefits to all of us. It provides us with countless benefits which we would not have if it were otherwise.

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